Daily Updates from News Americas - Morelos Diario

Daily Updates from News Americas

The content material initially appeared on: Latin America Information – Aljazeera

Colombia and Panama have failed to guard tons of of 1000’s of migrants and asylum seekers crossing a harmful but fashionable jungle migration route between the 2 nations, Human Rights Watch (HRW) has stated.

In a report on Wednesday, the rights group stated the Colombian and Panamanian authorities haven’t protected folks transiting by way of the Darien Hole or adequately investigated abuses which have taken place there, together with sexual violence.

“Regardless of the purpose for his or her journey, migrants and asylum seekers crossing the Darien Hole are entitled to primary security and respect for his or her human rights alongside the way in which,” Juanita Goebertus, HRW’s Americas director, stated in an announcement.

“Colombian and Panamanian authorities can and may do extra to make sure the rights of migrants and asylum seekers crossing their nations, in addition to of local communities which have skilled years of neglect.”

Connecting South and Central America, the Darien Hole is a harmful route rife with pure hazards, together with bugs, snakes and unpredictable terrain. Its panorama ranges from steep mountains to dense jungles and robust rivers.

Felony teams additionally function within the space, and robberies, extortion and different types of violence are widespread.

Regardless of these risks, it has develop into a particularly fashionable migration pathway for migrants and asylum seekers fleeing violence, socioeconomic crises and different hardships of their residence nations. Many hope to journey north to succeed in the United States.

The variety of folks passing by way of the world has repeatedly damaged data, as migration northwards will increase. Greater than 520,000 migrants and asylum seekers crossed the Darien Hole final 12 months, greater than double the overall from 2022, based on figures from Panama’s government.

Of those that crossed in 2023, greater than 60 % have been from Venezuela, which has skilled a mass exodus amid years of socioeconomic and political upheaval. Others have been from nations throughout South America, the Caribbean, Asia and Africa.

In its report, HRW stated the Colombian authorities’s restricted presence within the Darien Hole permits migrants and asylum seekers “to be preyed upon” by members of a drug-trafficking group known as the Gulf Clan.

The group “controls the motion of migrants and asylum seekers and income from their desperation and vulnerability”, the rights group stated.

HRW urged the Colombian authorities to research the Gulf Clan’s position in taking folks throughout the Darien Hole. It additionally referred to as on Bogota to dedicate extra assets to the safety of migrants and to probing alleged abuses.

However HRW’s report stated that “many of the abuses within the Darien Hole, together with robberies and sexual violence, happen in Panamanian territory”.

Panama has implemented a so-called “managed circulation” technique to reply to the surge in Darien Hole crossings. Below the coverage, it has established migrant reception centres and permits folks to board buses to Costa Rica.

HRW on Wednesday criticised the scheme for imposing restrictions on peoples’ capability to hunt asylum and limiting humanitarian protections.

“It seems targeted on channeling and limiting migrants’ and asylum seekers’ motion by way of Panama and guaranteeing that they cross to Costa Rica promptly, slightly than responding to their quick wants or offering them alternatives to file asylum purposes in Panama,” its report stated.

The organisation urged Panama’s authorities to change its technique.

It additionally stated the nation ought to appoint a senior official to supervise its response to the Darien Hole in coordination with the United Nations and different humanitarian teams.



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